Many beginners find it difficult to choose between an acoustic and a digital piano. Choosing the right one is not easy. You have to think about the cost, maintenance, sound and much more. Therefore, this article would help you in making the right decision amongst the two.
What is an Acoustic and What is a Digital piano?
On seeing an acoustic piano, you would remember of old school days. With the hammer and string enclosed in a wooden case. Every key connected to the hammer and on every press, the hammer moves by striking the string that causes a vibration and thus a sound is produced.
There are two variants in this category- the grand and an upright piano. The grand piano comes with a frame and strings extended horizontally. Its longer body engulfs a larger area. Once you press and release the key, gravity persists on the key and brings it back in its rest position.
Upright piano runs vertically and has a compact body than a grand piano. When you release the key, they come in their resting position at once due to the spring mechanism. But this subjects the piano to easy wearing and tearing.
A modern counterpart of an acoustic piano. It comes in three variants- the brad, upright and a portable piano. The grand piano offers a higher quality sound than the rest and with the better key mechanism. Thus, this makes it a costlier instrument and is offered by only limited manufacturers.
An upright piano is the one seen in the houses of almost every piano lover. It weighs less as compared to the acoustic upright piano.
Portable piano is the lightest of all. The exterior and keys of this variant are made of plastic. Thus, it comes with a stand rather than any legs.
Which is better?
Below are some factors discussed and on this basis, you can decide the best one for yourself.
This is the most important factor to look in any instrument before purchasing. Unsurprisingly, acoustic pianos are better at producing high-quality sounds than the digital ones. It gives an authentic and a warm music. Also, it offers a great control over the expression and articulation of a musical note.
Whereas, a Digital piano only mimics the sound of an acoustic piano. The sounds being produced from a digital file lacks in producing the same acoustic nuances. However, a costlier digital piano would obviously be better than a low quality or an affordable acoustic piano.
A good digital piano is a way more versatile than the acoustic piano. With digital, you can produce a number of instrumental sounds that suits your music. Thus, with a keyboard, you can turn your room into a small ensemble.
The recording is another feature offered only by digital piano. For upcoming pianists, this is advantageous option to manipulate their recordings using the software.
You can even control sound with help of a volume controller and also a headphone port is available to practice without disturbing others. All this is lacking in an acoustic piano.
Although digital pianos vary in sizes they are far more convenient to port than an acoustic piano.
Being a luxurious instrument, acoustic piano requires a high maintenance. The steel strings, wooden exterior are all delicate features and must be kept under a proper care. Even more, it requires once or twice tuning annually and that too by a professional. All this increase the expenses and also wastes time.
Furthermore, wood is sensitive to weather changes thus should be kept in a suitable environment. Whereas the digital piano does not require such high maintenance it only demands cleaning with a damp cloth to remove the dirt.
4. Touch sensitivity
The weight of the keys is the factor that creates a difference of feel between both the pianos. In an acoustic piano, a certain amount of strength is required to press the keys whereas ad digital piano requires only a gentle press to produce sounds. Some pianists thus turn down digital pianos due to lack of weight in keys.
Nowadays, many manufacturers have introduced weighted keys in digital pianos to give an acoustic feel.
Acoustic pianos are manufactured with three kind of pedals- soft, sostenuto and sustain pedal. Some digital pianos have the sustain pedals but some doesn’t offer this option. An add-on the option is available but only for sustain pedals.
Overall, an acoustic piano costs more than a digital piano. A low to mid-range acoustic cost between $1000-$3000 whereas a digital cost onwards $200.
As it goes, the resale value of an acoustic piano is higher than a digital one. although, it is difficult to gauge the resale value as it depends upon the condition and model of the piano. A digital piano depreciates quickly because many advanced models are released every year.
Therefore, if the acoustic piano is higher in price but it is a good investment option for the long run.
Difference Between an Acoustic and Digital piano
A comprise the difference between acoustic and digital piano is recorded in the following table:
|Point of comparison||Acoustic piano||Digital piano|
|Sound quality (of the same grade)||Warmer and authentic sound||Sample sound. Not authentic|
|Tuning||Requires tuning by a professional once or twice in a year||No tuning required|
|Maintenance||Needs to be placed in a suitable environment||No maintenance|
|Resale value||Higher resale value. A good investment||Value depreciates at a fast pace|
|Touch sensitivity||Better control for musical tones||Lack sensitive to touch due to low weighted keys|
|Pedals||3 pedals||1 or no pedals|
|Extras||No extra features||Availability of recording output and volume controllers|
|Space||Requires a large space||Requires less space|
|Portability||Difficult to port||Easily ported to places|
|Power source||No power source required||Runs on batteries or plug-in adapter|
We hope that you now have understood which one you should buy, an acoustic or digital piano. Especially, If you are a learner and want to buy a piano for learning, then I will suggest you go for the digital piano. They are easy to understand and affordable as well compared to the acoustic pianos.